BSIS Firearms Training Manual - October 2001 Edition

San Diego office of Academy Security Training

Please note:  This is a copyright of BSIS and is provided for the benefit of students.  As a state-licensed BSIS training facility, we are providing this for instruction to our students seeking the guard card.

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 Firearm Training Manual  81

1. Sight Alignment 

Aiming is a combination of lining up the front and rear sights with the target. "Sight Picture" or aiming, is the basis of good shooting. When discussing the principles involved it is necessary to understand the principle of "Sight Alignment." 
The term "sight alignment" refers to what is seen through the sights of the firearm without consideration of the target. This is proper sight alignment. The front sight is in the exact center of the uprights of the rear sight. The top of the front sight is also even with the top of the upright portion of the back sight. (See Illustration "E" on page 84). 
An important step in proper sight alignment is establishing the "dominant eye." This is the eye that must be opened when aiming the firearm. To determine which eye is dominant, students should do the following: 
a. Hold out their hand in front of them and make a circle with the thumb and forefinger. 

b. Look through the circle at an object some distance away, using both eyes. 
c. First close one eye and then the other. Whichever eye is open when the object stays in the circle is the dominant eye. 
The term "sight picture" refers to that which is seen through the sights of the firearm, including the target. The position of the front sight is in the center of the upright portion of the rear sight and is even with the top of the rear sight. 
The position of the front sight indicates where the bullet will travel. If the front sight is in the middle of the rear sight but is lower than the uprights, the shot will be low. The reverse is true also where the horizontal alignment is correct but the front sight is high, the shot will be high. Also, if the vertical alignment is correct but the front sight is to one side, the shot will be to that side. 
The sights and target can never be in focus at the same time. The sights should be in focus and the target should be blurred. 
The firearm should be held in a manner that allows the sight picture to be seen straight up and down. If the sight picture is tilted, it is called "canting." Canting will also cause the bullet to land to the side of the target. 

2. Trigger Squeeze (control)


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