BSIS Firearms Training Manual - October 2001 Edition

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Please note:  This is a copyright of BSIS and is provided for the benefit of students.  As a state-licensed BSIS training facility, we are providing this for instruction to our students seeking the guard card.

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 Firearm Training Manual  46

Every person in possession of an exposed weapon permit issued by the Bureau has a legal and moral obligation to avoid using deadly or lethal force unless there is an imminent danger to life. Further, a person with an exposed weapon permit has an obligation to do everything possible to de-escalate conflict situations that could lead to dangerous situations.

The armed security guard, alarm agent, private investigator, or qualified manager, who has been issued a firearm permit, holds a position of special trust and responsibility. An armed security guard has been entrusted to carry a deadly weapon. That guard also has the responsibility to use that weapon only if there is an imminent threat to life, only if there is no other option to the use of deadly force and only if the person has taken all precautions to avoid the use of deadly force.


An armed security guard has an obligation to establish and maintain competency in the use of the weapon carried on duty. Competency also includes being competent in the techniques that avoid or reduce the possible use of deadly force.

Competency in techniques that avoid or reduce conflict includes an awareness of how your behavior may affect another person in a conflict situation. Awareness of the affects of your behavior may improve your competency in handling conflict situations. Your behavior may contribute to an increase or a decrease in the level of conflict in such a situation. Your personal behavior involves the totality of your conduct, including the words you use, the tone of your voice, your facial expressions, body stance and body movements. Threatening, aggressive, or offensive behavior may aggravate the situation and make controlling the situation more difficult. At worst, such behavior may increase the level of conflict and result in a use of force that perhaps could have been avoided. On the other hand, non-aggressive behavior, such as speaking politely in a calm voice, not standing in a threatening manner and not placing your hand on the weapon, may contribute to not escalating the situation.

You are responsible for your behavior. In a shooting, your behavior may be thoroughly reviewed. If your behavior is shown to have contributed to the escalation of conflict that resulted in a shooting, you may be held totally or partially responsible.

Participants in an actual shooting often have very strong short-term and long-term physical, emotional, and psychological reactions. These are normal reactions.

One normal reaction to a perceived threat is called the Fight or Flight reaction. The body and mind naturally responds to a threat by preparing to fight (for example, the shooting) or for a flight (for example, withdrawing). Some typical short-term physical reactions to a fight or flight situation are a greatly increased heart rate and breathing rate, tunnel vision, tremors (shaking of hands), vomiting, and the loss of control of body functions. Because it is extremely unlikely that you will be wearing ear protectors in a shooting, the loud explosive sound of the shot(s) will make your ears ring, maybe for weeks. You may even



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